Casebook for The Foundation by Joel L. Fleishman, J. Scott Kohler, Steven Schindler
Duke University academics explore 100 of the highest-achieving foundation initiatives of all time, stretching from 1901 to 2002, and touching many fields—medicine, education, employment, law enforcement, ecology, overseas aid, and others. They are all archived online here.
American Philanthropy by Robert Bremner
Though published more than 50 years ago, it remains the preferred single-volume history on the rise of charitable giving in the U.S.